The source of every item of data contained in the CHRIS is recorded in master data files and is available on request from the U.S. Coast Guard. The principal sources are listed below. Many other sources were consulted, but most of them provided only a few items and are not given here. In a few cases the information given is based on an analogy with that for a closely related chemical; the analogy was drawn by an expert in the field, whose identity appears in the master data files.
Where a source was used for a single category of data, the source is given in the corresponding field description and is not repeated here.
The following sources contained data for many of the 13 data categories used:
1. Manufacturers' Technical Bulletins - This is usually the best single source of general information about the chemical. The bulletins contain the most recent data. Bulletins were not available for a few chemicals that are not items of commerce but are intermediates shipped from one manufacturing site to another.
2. Material Safety Data Sheets - These were provided by the manufacturer using the U.S.Department of Labor Form OSHA-20 or an approved modification.
3. Code of Federal Regulations - Office of the Federal Register, Archives and Record Service, Washington, D.C., 1972. Titles 46 (Shipping) and 49 (Transportation) were used in the most recent revision available, October 1, 1996.
4. Chemical Safety Data Sheets - Chemical Manufacturers Association, Washington, D.C.
5. Industrial Safety Sheets - National Safety Council, Chicago, Illinois.
6. International Maritime Dangerous Goods Code - International Maritime Organization (IMO), London, January 1, 1990.
7. Petroleum Products Handbook - V.B. Guthrie (ed.), McGraw-Hill, New York, 1960.
8. Glossary of Terms Used in Petroleum Refining - 2nd edition, American Petroleum Institute, New York, 1962.
9. The Handling and Storage of Liquid Propellants - Office of Defense Research and Engineering, U.S. Government Printing Office, Washington, D. C., 1963.
10. Industrial Chemicals - W.L. Faith, D.B. Keyes, and R.L. Clark, 3rd edition, Wiley, New York, 1965.
11. Chemical Technology of Petroleum - W.A. Gruse and D.R. Stevens, 3rd edition, McGraw-Hill, New York, 1960.
12. Chemical Rocket/Propellant Hazards - CPIA Publication No. 194, Vol. III, 1970.
13. Organic Solvents - J.A. Riddick and W.B. Bunger, 3rd edition, Wiley-Interscience, New York, 1970.
14. Transport of Dangerous Goods - (4 vols) United Nations, New York, 1981.
15. Kirk-Othmer Encyclopedia of Chemical Technology - 1st edition (1947 - 1960) and 2nd edition (1963 - 1970), Interscience-Wiley, New York.
16. Matheson Gas Data Book - 5th edition, Matheson Gas Products, East Rutherford, New Jersey, 1971.
17. Explosive and Toxic Hazardous Material - J.H. Meidl, Glencoe Press, Beverly Hills, California, 1969.
18. Dangerous Properties of Industrial Materials, 7th edition, N.I. Sax, Van Nostrand Reinhold Company, New York, 1989.
19. Organic Phosphorus Compounds - G.M. Kosolapoff and L. Maier (6 Vols.), Wiley-Interscience, New York.
20. The Chemistry of Organo-Phosphorus Pesticides - C. Fest and K.J. Schmidt, Springer-Verlag, New York, 1973.
1. Commercial Organic Chemical Names - Compiled by the Synthetic Organic Chemical Manufacturers Association (SOCMA), Chemical Abstracts Service, Columbus, Ohio, 1965.
2. Chemical Synonyms and Trade Names - W. Gardner and E.I. Cooke, 7th edition, CRC Press, Cleveland, Ohio, 1971.
3. The Merck Index of Chemical and Drugs - 11th edition, Merck and Co., Rahway, New Jersey, 1989.
1. Industrial Hygiene and Toxicology - F.A. Patty, 3rd edition, Vol. II, Interscience, New York, 1981.
2. Toxicity and Metabolism of Industrial Solvents - E. Browning, Elsevier, New York, 1965.
3. Practical Toxicology of Plastics - R. Lefaux, CRC Press, Cleveland, Ohio, 1968.
4. Industrial Toxicology - L.T. Fairhall, Williams and Wilkins, 2nd edition, Baltimore, Maryland, 1957.
5. Toxicology of Drugs Chemicals - W.B. Deichman and H.W. Girarde, Academic Press, New York, 1969.
6. Clinical Toxicology of Commercial Products - M.N. Gleason, et al., 4th edition, Williams and Wilkins, Baltimore, Maryland, 1981.
7. Handbook of Toxicology: Acute Toxicities of Solids, Liquids and Gases to Laboratory Animals - W.S. Spector, Saunders, Philadelphia, Pa., 1956.
8. Occupational Diseases: A Guide to their Recognition - U.S. Department of Health, Education, and Welfare. Public Health Service Publication No. 1097. Superintendent of Documents, Washington, D.C., 1964.
9. First Aid Textbook - American National Red Cross, Washington, D.C., 1972.
10. Electrical Safety Practice: Odor Warning for Safety - Monograph 113 Instrument Society of America (ISA), Pittsburgh, Pa., 1972.
11. Toxic Substances - Annual List 1971 - H.E. Christensen, U.S. Department of Health, Education, and Welfare, Superintendent of Documents, Washington, D.C., 1971.
12. Hygienic Guide Series - American Industrial Hygiene Association, Detroit, Michigan, 48227.
13. Toxicity of Industrial Metals - E. Browning, 2nd Edition, Appleton-Century-Crofts, New York, 1969.
1. The Fire and Explosion Hazards of Commercial Oils - W. Vlachos and C.A. Vlachos, Vlachos and Co., Philadelphia, Pa., 1921.
2. 1972 Annual Book of ASTM Standards - American Society for Testing and Materials, Philadelphia, Pa., 1972.
3. Fire Protection Guide on Hazardous Materials - 10th edition, Nos. 325A, 325M, 49, 491M, and 704M, National Fire Protection Association (NFPA), Boston, Mass., 1991.
4. Fire Protection Handbook - A. E. Cote (ed.), 17th edition, National Fire Protection Association (NFPA), Boston, Mass., 1991.
5. Handbook of Industrial Loss Prevention - 2nd edition, Factory Mutual Engineering Corp., McGraw-Hill, New York, 1967.
1. Water Quality Criteria Data Book - Vol. 1 - Organic Chemicals (1970) and Vol. 2 - Inorganic Chemicals (1971), United States Environmental Protection Administration, Superintendent of Documents, Washington, D.C.
2. Engineering Management of Water Quality - P.H. McGauhey, McGraw-Hill, New York, 1968.
3. The BOD of Textile Chemicals - Proceedings of the American Association of Textile Chemists and Colorists, American Dyestuff Reporter, August 29, 1966, p. 39.
4. Biodegradable Surfactants for the Textile Industry - American Dyestuff Reporter, January 30, 1967.
5. Water Quality Criteria - J.E. McKee and M.W. Wolf, 2nd edition, California State Water Quality Control Board, Sacramento, California, 1963.
6. Water Quality Criteria - National Technical Advisory Committee, Federal Water Pollution Control Administration, Washington, D.C. 1968.
7. Water Quality Characteristics of Hazards Materials - R.W. Hann, Jr., and P.A. Jensen, Environmental Engineering Division, Texas A and M University, College Station, Texas, 1974.
1. Solubilities of Inorganic and Organic Compounds - H. Stephen and T. Stephen, Macmillan, New York, 1963, Vol. 1, Part 1.
2. The Critical Constants of Organic Compounds - A.P. Kudchadker, G.H. Alani and B.J. Zwolinski, Chemical Reviews, 68,659 (1968).
3. Physical Properties of Hydrocarbons - Vol. 1 (1968) and Vol. 2 (1970), R.W. Gallant, Gulf Publishing Co., Houston, Texas.
4. International Critical Tables - McGraw-Hill, New York, 1926.
5. Handbook of Chemistry and Physics - R.C. Weast (ed.), 62nd edition, CRC Publishing Co., Cleveland, Ohio, 1982.
6. The Properties of Gases and Liquids - R.C. Reid and T.K. Sherwood, 2nd edition, McGraw-Hill, New York, 1966.
7. Thermal Conductivity of Gases and Liquids - N.V. Tsederburg, MIT Press, Cambridge, Mass., 1965.
8. Lange's Handbook of Chemistry - N.A. Lange, 12th edition, McGraw-Hill, New York, 1979.
9. The Chemical Thermodynamics of Organic Compounds - D.R. Stull, et al., Wiley, New York, 1969.
10. Matheson Gas Data Book - 4th edition, Matheson Co., Inc., 1966.
11. Physical Properties of Chemical Compounds - Vol. 1 (1955), Vol. 2 (1959), and Vol. 3 (1961), R.R. Dreisbach, American Chemical Society, Washington, D.C.
12. Beilsteins Handbuch der Organischen Chemie - Springer, Berlin, Germany.
13. Gmelins Handbuch der Anorganischen Chemie - Verlag Chemie, Weinheim, Germany.
14. Solubilities of Inorganic and Organic Compounds - 3rd edition and supplement, A. Seidell and W.F. Linke, Van Nostrant, New York, 1941 - 1952.
15. Selected Values of Physical and Thermodynamics Properties of Hydrocarbons and Related Compounds - F.D. Rossini, et.al., American Petroleum Institute Project 44, American Petroleum Institute, Pittsburgh, Pa., 1953.
16. Heat of Combustion and Formation of Organic Compounds - E.S. Domalski, Journal of Physical and Chemical Reference Data, 1,221 (1972).
17. Surface Tension of Pure Liquid Compounds - J.L. Jasper, J. Phys. Chem. Ref. Data, 1,841 (1972).
18. JANAF Thermochemical Tables - NSRDS - NBS - 37 (1970); 1974 Supplement and complete index, J. Phys. Chem. Ref. Data, 3,311 (1974).
19. Physical and Thermodynamic Properties of Aliphatic Alcohols - R.C. Wilhoit and B.J. Zwolinski, J. Phys. Chem. Ref. Data, 2 (1973), Supplement 1.
20. Critical Constants of Hydrocarbons - C.A. Passut and R.P. Danner, Ind. Eng. Chem., Pro. Des. Devel., 12,365 (1973).